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Top 10 Historical Landmarks in the World

As we all know the world is full of art and culture from ancient times. There are many historical landmarks in the world that attracts everyone by its beauty and art.

Our ancestors were very rich in culture and the arts. They made many arts in their time and many of these arts attract the people of the 21st century.

Many of these arts and cultures have been protected under various organizations. UNESCO is one of the organizations under the United Nations which protects these historical landmarks.

These historical landmarks are very important to us to find human evolution. Many people want to visit these types of historical landmarks for knowledge.

As we all know there are thousands of historical landmarks in the world but we have discussed the top 10 historical landmarks in the world.

Here is the list of top 10 historical landmarks in the world:

10. Machu Picchu

machu picchu

Machu Picchu is the 15th Century historical landmark of our beautiful world. Machu Picchu means ‘Old Mountain’ in the local language called Quechua.

This historical and amazing landmark is located in the eastern Cordillera region of southern Peru and the actual location of this landmark is in the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District.

It is located at a height of 2,430 m. (7,970 ft) on the mountain ridge.

The landmark was built in the classical Inca style with the polished dry-stone walls. It has three primary structures like Intihuatana, the temple of the sun, and the room of the three windows.

Time to time most of the outsides structures have been reconstructed of this landmark for the better and original appearance of the structures. 

UNESCO has selected this landmark as the World heritage site of this world in 1983 and was declared as a Peruvian Historic Sanctuary in 1981.

Machu Picchu is one of the top-rated tourist areas of Peru. Every year many tourists and archaeologists visit Peru to see this beautiful landmark.

9. Easter Island Moai

easter island moai

Easter Island is also one of the wonderful landmarks of this world. Moai are the huge statues on this beautiful Island.

Easter Island is the territory of Chile which lies in the southeastern part of the pacific ocean. The beautiful historical landmark is famous for the thousands of extant monumental statues.

These monumental statues are protected under the Rapa Nui National Park. It was believed that these beautiful statues made by Polynesian inhabitants arrived on this Island in 1200 AD.

Those inhabitants created a thriving and industrious culture by numerous enormous stone moai of this Island. Easter Island was also listed in the World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1955.

It is one of the most popular places in this world. Many tourists from a different country visit Easter Island of Peru for observing these amazing monumental statues for real experiences and exploration. 

8. Taj Mahal 

Taj mahal

Taj Mahal is also one of the historical landmarks of our world.

The beautiful Mahal is built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his beloved and favorite wife Mumtaz. It took 21 years to build this amazing and beautiful monument. Taj means ‘Crown’ and Mahal means ‘Palace’.

The palace is built in the Mughal architecture style by the architect Ustad Ahmad Lahauri on the southern bank of the Yamuna river. It is located in Agra city, Uttar Pradesh, India.

The total height of this palace is 73 m and covers an area of 17 hectares and built with ivory-white marbles. This mahal is believed to be very complex in its entire structures and its estimated cost of around 32 million rupees which is about the U.S $916 Million in 2022.

UNESCO has selected this historical landmark as a World heritage site in 1983. Every year many tourists from different countries visit India to see this beautiful and historical landmark called the Taj Mahal.

7. Statue of Liberty

statue of liberty

The Statue of Liberty also called liberty Enlightening the world is the most popular historical landmark of our world.

Statue of Liberty is a beautiful and extremely large neoclassical sculpture located on Liberty Island, New York Harbor in New York, USA.

It is made by using copper and is a gift of people from France to American. The beautiful statue was built on 28th October 1886 which is designed by French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and Gustave Eiffel built its metal framework.

The height of this statue is 93 m and made of iron with copper skin. The man in the statue holds a torch’s flame which is covered with 24k gold and the crown of the statue has seven rays from all continents.

In 1984, UNESCO selected this beautiful and historical landmark as a world heritage site and many tourists from different countries visited New York to see this beautiful and amazing statue of liberty.

6. Sydney Opera House

Sydney opera house

Sydney Opera House is the famous 20th-century multi-venue arts performing center and distinctive buildings of this world. The historical landmark is located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

The house was designed by Danish architect Jorn Utzon but later Australian architectural team completed this design. It was officially opened on 20th October 1973.

The Opera house is specially designed and more than 1 million roof tiles of this opera house are imported from Sweden. It is mostly made from the concrete frame and precast concrete ribbed roof.

Opera House is managed by the Sydney Opera House Trust. UNESCO has selected it as a World Heritage Site on 28th June 2007.

Every week more than 40 shows are staged here and More than 8 Million tourists and artists from different countries visit this historical landmark.

5. Pyramid of Giza

pyramids of Giza

Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest Pyramid among the three Pyramids of this world and the most popular landmark in our world.

These are around 4,500 years old structures of our world and considered to be among the largest structures ever built on our earth.

It is also called the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops. At present, the Pyramid of Giza is located in Greater Cairo, Egypt.

It is also one of the oldest seven wonders of the Ancient World. Limestones and granites are used to build this great Pyramid in true pyramid shapes.

The height of this pyramid is about 146.7 m. The actual Pyramid shape of the Pyramid of Giza is made by using engineering knowledge which is really shocking and really true.

UNESCO  has selected this beautiful and historical landmark as the World Heritage Site in 1990. Every year many visitors and travelers from different countries visit this historical landmark for its beauty, art, stories, and cultures.

4. Leaning Tower of Pisa

Leaning tower of Pisa

Leaning Tower of Pisa also known as the Tower of Pisa is one of the beautiful and historical landmarks of this world.

It is the freestanding bell tower of the Italian city called Pisa and is also known as the third oldest structure in the cathedral square.

The tower is beautiful that has created history is located in Pisa city, Italy which is nearly four degrees lean because of its unstable foundation.

It was believed that the tower was lean during its construction in the 12th century due to the soft soil and the structure was completed in the 14th century.

Leaning tower is one of the major tourist attractions in Italy. The total height of this tower is 55.86 m and is made of marble stone. Time to time remedial works is done to reduce its tilt for the safety measure of the structure.

UNESCO has selected this historical tower as a world heritage site in 1987. Every year many people visit this historical landmark for its beauty.

3. Kremlin


Kremlin Palace is also one of the amazing historical landmarks of this world which is located in the center of Moscow in Russia.

It touches the Moskva River in the south, Saint Basil’s Cathedral, and Red Square in the east and the Alexander Garden in the west. Kremlin includes five palaces, four cathedrals, and Kremlin Walls with Kremlin towers. Kremlin means ‘fortress inside a city’.

This Kremlin complex now used as the official residence of the Russian Federation President and also as a museum. It was built between 1482 to 1495 in an area of 27.7 hectares (0.27 Sq.Km.).

The Kremlin is referred to as the government of the Russian Federation like the ‘White House’ in the USA. some of its parts are opened public as a museum.

UNESCO also has selected this historical landmark as a World Heritage Site in its list. Many people visit this landmark every year from different countries.

2. Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is the longest and historical wall of this world.

This wall is built across the historical border of china which is built for the protection of Chinese territory and states from other emperors and enemies.

These historical walls are built in the 7th century BC by Chinese states in that period. In the beginning, there were several walls are built but later Qin Shi Huang (the emperor of China) joined these walls as the Great Wall of China in 220 BC to 206 BC.

Stones, bricks, tiles, and other wooden materials are used to builts this great wall which is 21,196 Km long. More than 2,000 years to build this wall is used.

This wall is made for multipurpose like transportation purposes and also for prevention from enemies. There were more than 20,000 watchtowers are build along this wall to protect the territory from enemies.

The Great Wall of China is the most popular Historical Landmark of this world and UNESCO has also selected this wall as a World Heritage Site in 1987.

Many tourists from all over the world visit this amazing and wonderful historical landmark and China every year.

1. Eiffel Tower

Eiffel Tower

Eiffel Tower is the tallest man-made structure recorded in history which holds records for over 40 years and is the most popular historical landmark of the world.

This beautiful tower was built by Gustave Eiffel company and later name of this the tower is named by Engineer Gustave Eiffel.

The construction of this tower was started in 1887 and in 1889, it was the first entrance to the 1889 World’s Fair. The whole structure is made of steel and the total height of this tower is 324 m (1,063 ft) tall.

In the beginning, it was criticized by France’s leading artists but later this tallest tower became the global and cultural icon of France.

UNESCO has also selected this tower as a World Heritage site in 1991. Eiffel Tower is the major tourist attraction of France.

It is located in the capital of France, Paris. More than 7 million people visit the Eiffel Tower every year to see its beauty and design and it also plays a vital role in France’s economy.

Final Words

So that’s it guys for today. In this article, you know about the top 10 historical landmarks in the world. Make sure to comment about your favorite historical landmarks in the comments section and don’t forget to follow us on social media.

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